Bipolar II disorder | Bipolar Signs and symptoms

Bipolar II disorder | Bipolar Signs and symptoms: A representative fοr Catherine Zeta-Jones confirmed thаt thе actress recently underwent inpatient treatment fοr bipolar II disorder аt a Connecticut mental health facility.

Bipolar II disorder is a bipolar spectrum disorder characterized by at least one hypomanic episode and at least one major depressive episode; with this disorder, depressive episodes are more frequent and more intense than manic episodes. It is believed to be under-diagnosed because hypomanic behavior often presents as incredibly high-functioning behavior. Those with Bipolar II are at highest risk of suicide among the bipolar spectrum. Hypomania in Bipolar II may manifest itself in disorganized racing thoughts, irritability, anxiety, insomnia, or all of the above combined. This makes it very difficult to distinguish from depression, since hypomania is often regarded as an elation of mood, however, the reverse is often true in those with bipolar II. Moods that oscillate in the depressive spectrum is common, and very rarely does one with bipolar II experience hypomanic euphoria, if at all. Indeed, to a physician or psychologist specializing in mood disorders, highly confident ambition might appear to be symptomatic of hypomania only if that individual's goals are viewed as unrealistic.

Bipolar Signs and symptoms
Bipolar disorder is a condition in which people experience abnormally elevated (manic or hypomanic) and, in many cases, abnormally depressed states for periods of time in a way that interferes with functioning. Not everyone's symptoms are the same, and there is no simple physiological test to confirm the disorder. Bipolar disorder can appear to be unipolar depression. Diagnosing bipolar disorder is often difficult, even for mental health professionals. What distinguishes bipolar disorder from unipolar depression is that the affected person experiences states of mania and depression. Often bipolar is inconsistent among patients because some people feel depressed more often than not and experience little mania whereas others experience predominantly manic symptoms. Additionally, the younger the age of onset bipolar disorder starts in childhood or early adulthood in most patients the more likely the first few episodes are to be depression. Because a bipolar diagnosis requires a manic or hypomanic episode, many patients are initially diagnosed and treated as having major depression. (Wikipedia)

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